- Prices often become dislocated from fundamentals in volatile markets, which creates potential attractive entry points for investors.
- However, the macro backdrop is challenging, so fundamental research and a risk‑aware approach are imperative as defaults could start to pick up over the next few quarters, albeit from a fairly low base.
- We favour European high yield over the US and see attractive value opportunities in European cable and services companies.
This year is potentially one of transition in the global high yield space with the focus expected to move from macro concerns dominating the market narrative to worries over credit risk. The knock‑on impact of this is likely to be higher credit volatility. To navigate this more challenging environment, it's more important than ever to follow a disciplined and risk‑aware investment process that emphasises rigorous research. Why? Because it's not just about picking potential winning companies; avoiding losers is just as important, particularly in the current climate where defaults could start to pick up over the next few quarters due to the slowdown in growth.
Volatile Markets Demand Far‑Reaching Insights
Credit‑intensive research is essential to fully understand a company and the potential risks and rewards involved with investing. This is at the heart of our approach, with a global team of more than 25 high yield contributing analysts specialised by industry, region, and sector. This gives each analyst the in‑depth credit and structure analysis skills that are needed to accurately assess the optimal risk/return trade‑off. In addition, our analysts also leverage and collaborate with investment‑grade; sovereign; equity; and environmental, social, and governance (ESG) analyst teams, which allows for a holistic credit assessment of a company. This cross‑team effort combined with skilled active management helps inform decision‑making and prudent risk management, which we believe leads to better long‑term results.
As part of our process, analysts routinely stress test companies in order to develop a deep understanding of how companies might perform in a range of different market environments. Default scenarios are also constructed to identify the catalysts that could potentially trigger a credit event, as well as the likely effects thereafter. We conduct scenario analysis on an ongoing basis in order to identify both risks and opportunities to each individual security.
This past year, our analysts have been undertaking deep assessments of how companies in their coverage area might be impacted by slower growth and an environment of higher interest rates and inflation. For example, will the company be able to pass potential increased input costs onto their customers?
Could their margins be impacted? And, if so, what does that mean for future revenues and cash flow generation? Often, some of the impacts come with a lag, so it's not just about evaluating what the conditions mean for a company now, but also how they might fare in 2024 and beyond.
In a climate of potentially higher credit volatility, it's important to stick to our stringent investment process that prioritises fundamental research. This should not only enable us to potentially uncover great opportunities where prices have become dislocated from fundamentals, but also help us to avoid companies that might not survive the more challenging macro conditions.
Looking beyond the traditional US‑centric market and more broadly at the global high yield space is also important in the current environment as it creates potential opportunities for diversification. The high yield bond market is about five times larger than it was in 2000, and the investable universe has become much more global over the last two decades. At the end of 2000, North American issuers made up almost 90% of the market. As of March 31, 2023, this had dropped to less than 60%, with European issuers accounting for 24% of the broad market and emerging market issuers at 17%1. This expansion has led to a more diverse opportunity set in the asset class in terms of both industries and economic cycles that active managers can strive to exploit.
Favour Europe Over the US
At present, we believe that Europe offers value despite its challenging growth outlook—although selectivity is more important than ever. The European high yield market should benefit from having less exposure than the US to cyclical markets, such as commodities. Europe also has higher credit quality than the US, with more companies rated BB (67% in Europe versus 50% in the US) and fewer companies rated CCC and below (5% in Europe versus 11% in the US)2.
Furthermore, Europe's market is younger and less mature than the US, meaning it potentially offers more opportunities for price and information discovery, which we can potentially take advantage of with our research and active management.
1Data as of March 31, 2023. Source for ICE BofA data: ICE Data Indices, LLC, ICE BofA Global High Yield Index ("ICE DATA") is used with permission. Please see Additional Disclosures page for more information.
This post was funded by T. Rowe Price
2Data as of March 31, 2023. Sources: European high yield represented by the ICE BofA European Currency High Yield Const. ex Sub, and Fin Index. US high yield represented by the J.P. Morgan Domestic High Yield Index. (See Additional Disclosures.)
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